Proposition 8 , known informally as Prop 8 , was a California ballot proposition and a state constitutional amendment passed in the November California state elections. The proposition was created by opponents of same-sex marriage in advance  of the California Supreme Court 's May appeal ruling, In re Marriage Cases , which followed the short-lived same-sex weddings controversy and found the previous ban on same-sex marriage Proposition 22 , unconstitutional. Proposition 8 was ultimately ruled unconstitutional by a federal court on different grounds in , although the court decision did not go into effect until June 26, , following the conclusion of proponents' appeals. Proposition 8 countermanded the ruling by adding the same provision as in Proposition 22 to the California Constitution , providing that "only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California", thereby superseding the ruling. Horton , in , on the grounds that it "carved out a limited [or 'narrow'] exception to the state equal protection clause"; in his dissent, Justice Carlos R.
Same-sex marriage in the United States - Wikipedia
The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader. See United States v. Michigan, Kentucky, Ohio, and Tennessee define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. The petitioners, 14 same-sex couples and two men whose same-sex partners are deceased, filed suits in Federal District Courts in their home States, claiming that respondent state officials violate the Fourteenth Amendment by denying them the right to marry or to have marriages lawfully performed in another State given full recognition. To the respondents, it would demean a timeless institution if marriage were extended to same-sex couples. Changes, such as the decline of arranged marriages and the abandonment of the law of coverture, have worked deep transformations in the structure of marriage, affecting aspects of marriage once viewed as essential.
Same-sex marriage in the United States
CNN Not too long ago, the question was what states would be among the first to allow same-sex marriages. Photos: Same-sex marriage in the U. Carlos McKnight of Washington waves a flag in support of same-sex marriage outside the U. Supreme Court on June 26,
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U. Department of Public Health that it was unconstitutional under the Massachusetts Constitution to allow only opposite-sex couples to marry. Massachusetts became the sixth jurisdiction in the world after the Netherlands , Belgium , Ontario , British Columbia , and Quebec to legalize same-sex marriage.