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U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Pasteurization - IDFA
States may adopt their own laws on raw milk sales. All milk sold across state lines must be pasteurized and meet the standards of the US Pasteurized Milk Ordinance. As of Apr. Drinking or otherwise consuming raw milk is legal in all 50 states. With the exception of Michigan, no state expressly prohibits the sale of raw milk as animal feed.
While there is a lot of controversy around pasteurization, the milk we can find on supermarket shelves is always pasteurized. In general, pasteurization is a process of heating food or drinks to a certain temperature and time in order to kill all the germs that might cause illnesses. These health risks are the reason many countries forbid the sale of raw dairy products. So often, both big manufacturers and small farms have to process their milk. If you buy milk from such retailers and are worried about its safety, you can easily process it at home.
FDA and other health agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics agree that raw milk is unsafe because it can contain disease-causing pathogens, including:. Illnesses caused by these bacteria can be especially problematic for infants, young children, the elderly, and the immunocompromised. One complication that can arise as a result of infection with E.