The government has announced its aim to end smoking in England by On Monday evening, the government released a green paper titled "Advancing our health: prevention in the s", outlining its plans to tackle preventable ill health in the near future. One of the concerns highlighted in the paper is the detrimental impact of smoking, a national health issue which has improved in recent years. The document explains that further proposals regarding the government's efforts to make England smoke-free over the next 11 years will be outlined "at a later date".
NPS Archeology Program: Archeology for Interpreters
The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part. This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore.
Since smoking is a leading cause of avoidable deaths, it's welcome news that the UK is slowly stubbing out its nicotine habit. But if new research from the University of Glasgow is anything to go by, we've extinguished one toxic habit for another equally deadly vice: overeating. Since , obesity and excess body fat appear to have contributed to more deaths than smoking, according to fresh research published in the journal BMC Public Health.
Smoking tobacco out of a pipe has been a worldwide practice for centuries. Shops sprang up that catered to pipe and often cigar smokers. Flavored blends sold in bulk could be sampled right on the premises in smoke rooms set up for patrons.